Orthognathic surgery); also known as corrective jaw surgery or simply jaw surgery, is surgery designed to correct conditions of the jaw and face related to. Faculty of Dental Medicine Al-Azhar UniversityOrthognathic surgery is the Bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) has a wide range of. Mandibular osteotomies in Orthognathic Surgery Mandibular Recently good stability after BSSO is also shown by polylactate bone plates and.

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Numerous cephalometric analyses exist, each emphasizing particular skeletal and dental elements.

Orthognathic surgery

Also, a total maxilla osteotomy is used to treat the “long face syndrome,” known as the skeptical open bite, idiopathic long suryery, hyper divergent face, total maxillary alveolar hyperplasia, and vertical maxillary excess.

Minor hemorrhage from tearing of the periosteum can be controlled with electrocautery, pressure, or additional vasoconstrictive agents. The patient is placed in supine position on the operating table with general nasotracheal intubation and is prepared and draped for an intraoral procedure, with the entire face and neck within the field.

Some procedures will call for the insertion of implants to give the patient’s face a fuller look. In most cases, these wires are released before the patient wakes up. A horizontal incision is then made inferior to the first bicuspidsbilaterally, where bone cuts osteotomies are made vertically inferior, extending to the inferior border of the mandiblethereby detaching the bony segments of the mandible.


Instead, the surgeon is often able to go through the interior of the mouth. For some surgeries, pain may be minimal due to minor nerve damage and lack of feeling. This procedure is used to correct bszo retrusion and mandibular prognathism over and under bite. Planning for the surgery usually involves input from a multidisciplinary team, including oral and maxillofacial surgeons, orthodontists, and occasionally a speech and language therapist.

Modifications in the sagittal osteotomy of the mandible. However, the jaw will still requires two to three months for proper healing.

Dissection is carried down to the inferior border of the mandibular body and the posterior border of the ramus.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. First, a horizontal cut is made on the inner side of the ramus mandibulaesrugery anterally to the anterior portion of the ascending ramus. The incidence of transection is reported between 2 to 3.

BSSO | Lower Jaw Surgery ┬╗ Profilo┬░ Surgical

Quick Links Home Joseph P. Malocclusion in the form of an open bite is often the result of inadequate original fixation or hardware failure. Complications related to BSSO include bleeding from injury to the inferior alveolar artery or masseteric artery, unanticipated fractures and unfavorable splits, avascular necrosis, condylar resorption, malposition of the proximal segment, and worsening of temporomandibular joint TMJ symptoms. Guiding elastics can be placed intraoperatively or postoperatively following extubation.


Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Lower Jaw Surgery also addresses aesthetic concerns stemming from your small lower jaw. Proximal segment fractures occur most often as a result of failure to completely cut the inferior border; this results in a fracture line that propagates along the buccal side of the inferior border.

Proffit ; Surgrey P. State-of-the-art technology, including X-ray and computer imaging, allows the patient to see projected results before surgery is performed. During the surgery, bsxo are made below the teeth to expose surgefy jaw. The bony segments are stabilized with titanium plates; no fixation binding of the jaw necessary. BSSO Surgery moves your lower jaw into correct alignment with your upper jaw, so that it is ideally balanced with the profile and proportions of your face.

Although infrequent, there can be complications such as bleeding, swelling, infection, nausea and vomiting. The surgery might involve one jaw or both jaws cuncurrently. The recent advent of piezoelectric saws has simplified bone cutting, but such equipment has not yet become the norm outside of the most developed countries.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. As the two fragments are split and this is noted, the inferior border should be recut.

Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol.