Buy Cuckoos, Cowbirds and Other Cheats () (): NHBS – NB Davies, T & AD Poyser Ltd (A & C Black). In this fascinating new book, Nick Davies describes the natural histories of these brood parasites and examines many of the exciting questions. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , David F. Sherry and others published Cuckoos, Cowbirds and Other Cheats.

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Cuckoos, cowbirds and hosts: adaptations, trade-offs and constraints

Honesty in host—parasite communication signals: Acceptance by the splendid fairy-wren of parasitism by Horsfield’s bronze-cuckoo: The cosbirds cheat The interactions between avian brood parasites and their hosts cheays a remarkable diversity of sophisticated adaptations, but sometimes there also seems to be a surprising lack of adaptations Davies Modelling the population dynamics of a cuckoo—host association and the evolution of host defences.

However, Kilpatrick found no growth differences in Brown-headed Cowbird chicks raised by different hosts.

Such behaviour is what we would expect under Zahavi’s handicap hypothesis: If a new strategy would have higher fitness ithis would point towards evolutionary lag in the current strategy but if a new strategy would have lower fitness iithis would point towards evolutionary equilibrium in the current strategy.

Rejecting hosts could, however, be experimentally turned into acceptors by adding a parasitic chick to their nest Winfree because hosts do not reject chicks but see Langmore et al. Why do all host species not show defence against avian brood parasitism: They showed that such host populations can only be maintained in a metapopulation framework with immigration from other, less parasitized areas.

Egg mimicry by cuckoos, Cuculus canorusin relation to discrimination by hosts.

The evolutionary equilibrium hypothesis proposes that the costs of brood parasitism do not always exceed the costs of rejection and, hence, under some scenarios it is adaptive for a host to accept brood parasitism. And why are so few species obliged only to lay eggs in host nests? The evolution of clutch size and reproductive rates in parasitic cuckoos. While cuckoo species must have an innate basis for the development of their song Davieshabitat imprinting has been suggested to be of major importance for finding suitable habitats and hosts in Common Cuckoos Teuschl et al.


He then returned to the Zoology Department at Cambridge, where he did his famous work on the variable mating system of the Dunnock. However, brood parasites share common ground with their hosts in that they benefit if the nest is not found by a predator after they have laid an egg.

The effect of brood parasitism on the life-history strategy of the host species could especially merit further research. How is this arms race conducted?

Cuckoos, cowbirds and hosts: adaptations, trade-offs and constraints

All cuckood these puzzles are examined in descriptions of the natural history of each of the groups of parasites in turn. Feasting, Fowling and Feathers. Have host defenses limited the success of cheatts parasitism, or is it in fact much more common than we suspect, but occurring mainly when birds parasitize the nest of their own kind? With regard to nest height, the selection pressures from parasitism and predation are different figure 5 cso that higher nests are much more likely to be parasitized.

With the exception of egg size, changes in ecology were more likely to precede the evolution of brood parasitism than to result from it. On marvellous songs heard. Brood parasitism can be viewed as a form of nest predation given that the host’s reproductive success of that breeding attempt cuckpos regularly ejecting cuckoos and the honeyguidesoften non-ejecting cuckoos, small cowbird hosts or seldom large cowbird hosts and parasitic finches anr to zero.

A molecular genetic analysis of cuckoo phylogeny. Determining the reproductive behaviour of individual brown-headed cowbirds using microsatellite DNA markers. Costs of brood parasitism and the lack of defences in the yellow-winged blackbird—shiny cowbird system.

Hosts, meanwhile, have evolved larger inter-clutch variation but smaller intra-clutch variation Stokke et al.

Davies No preview available – Host egg markings, chick discrimination and general discussion. In a cukcoos study, Kleven et al. Density-dependent habitat selection by brown-headed cowbirds Molothrus ater in tallgrass prairie. Amundsen T, Brobakken P. They provide unique examples of trade-offs and situations where constraints are either completely removed or particularly severe.


Egg colour matching in an African cuckoo, as revealed by ultraviolet—visible reflectance spectrophotometry. Brilliant illustrations by David Quinn illuminate the species discussed, showing many behaviors never before illustrated and conveying the thrill of watching these astonishing birds in the wild.

Even in cuckoo—host systems where the young cuckoo does not eject, it would be adaptive as imprinting on the first clutch of eggs is adaptive. Hence, nest-site selection and nest architecture can influence reproductive success of the host and there oter instances of stabilizing and directional selection.

Cuckoos are not the only birds that fool other species into feeding their chicks: One final field that might deserve more attention could be the interactions between predation risk and parasitism risk.

Have host defenses limited the success of brood parasitism, or is it in fact much more common than we suspect, but occurring mainly when birds parasitize the nest of their own kind? About Help Blog Jobs Welcome to our new website.

Age, experience, and enemy recognition by wild cuckooe sparrows. Two scenarios are conceivable figure 4: Even deserting the brood leads to another chance to breed Grim et al. Cowbirds and other brood parasites. Under strong selection pressure for egg acceptance, this trait would be expected to spread to fixation and no genetic variation should be detectable, even if evolutionary equilibrium operates. He was born on the Lancashire coast, where night- jars and pink-footed geese inspired his passion for birdwatching from an early age.