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The Beijing Consensus refers to the political and economic policies of the People’s Republic of China instituted after Mao. The Beijing Consensus is increasingly viewed by developing countries as an Source: Joshua Cooper Ramo: “The Beijing Consensus: Notes on the New. Beijing Consensus was a term initially coined by Joshua Cooper Ramo in , as a superior, and distinctly Asian, developmental model.

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National Defense Mobilization Dept.

The Beijing Consensus – Joshua Cooper Ramo – Google Books

Li Keqiang Congress Chairman: According to academic and former Chinese official Zhang Weiwei, the “key features” of the model are:. The China Model is sometimes used interchangeably with the Beijing Consensus, [1] and sometimes by those who insist “it is inaccurate to describe the Chinese model as the ‘Beijing consensus’ versus the ‘Washington consensus’.

This page was last edited on 31 Octoberat Administrative divisions Hukou system Family planning Ethnic minorities. Xu Qiliang Zhang Youxia.

Xi Jinping Head of government: Xu Qiliang Zhang Youxia Members: Central Foreign Affairs Commission Director: This paper represents a first-cut effort at operationalizing and measuring the so-called Beijing Consensus or China Modela form of state capitalism which some see armo an ideological alternative to the Washington Consensus and a challenge to American soft power.


Retrieved 31 October Part of a series on Economic systems By ideology.

Beijing Consensus – Wikipedia

General Office Joint Staff Dept. Li Zhanshu Vice-Chairpersons Top-ranked: He added that, “From the western perspective, the ‘China model’ theory makes China into an alarming outlier, and must lead to conflict between China and the western world”, adding that the tariffs and the trade war persued by U.

Retrieved 28 January The policies are thought to have contributed to Consdnsus eightfold growth in gross national product over two decades. Ramo was a former senior editor and foreign editor of Time magazine and later a partner at Kissinger Associatesthe consulting firm of former U. Ramo has detailed it as a pragmatic policy that uses innovation and experimentation to achieve “equitable, peaceful high-quality growth”, and “defense of national borders and interests”, [4] whereas other scholars have used it to refer to “stable, if repressive, politics and high-speed economic growth”.

Unlike the Washington Consensus, which copper ignored questions of geo-politicsRamo argues—particularly in the Chinese context—that geo-politics and geo-economics are fundamentally linked. InZhang Weiyingprofessor at Peking University ‘s National School of Development, argued that China’s economic development since was not due to a distinctive “China model”.

Li Zuocheng Political Work Dept. This includes not only beijnig self-determination, but also a shift to the most effective military strategy, which Ramo suggests is more likely to be an asymmetric strategy rather than one that seeks direct confrontation. Zhao Kezhi State Councilor.


The third guideline urges a policy of self-determination, where the less-developed nations use leverage to keep the superpowers in check and assure their own financial sovereignty. It is one that Beijing eagerly exports as demonstrated by its support of other illiberal regimes, such as those in SudanAngolaor Zimbabwe by offering developing countries “no-strings-attached gifts and loans”, rather than “promoting democracy through economic aid”, as does the West.

Beijing Consensus

Xi Jinping Presidential spouse: Xi Jinping Deputy Directors: Barnett Papers in Social Research. Xi Jinping Deputy Leader: Student Pulse Academic Journal. Miao Hua Logistic Support Dept. An Alternative Model for Development”. Ramo argues that there is no perfect solution, and that the only true path to success is one that is dynamic, as no one plan works for every situation.