: Differend: Phrases in Dispute (Theory and History of Literature) ( ): Jean-Francois Lyotard: Books. This original study examines Jean-François Lyotard’s philosophical concept of the differend and details its unexplored implications for literature. it provides a. Expressing the Inexpressible: Lyotard and the Differend Jacob M. Held Marquette University Department of Philosophy Coughlin Hall P.O. Box

Author: Tojashura Voodoogar
Country: Reunion
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Personal Growth
Published (Last): 14 February 2016
Pages: 213
PDF File Size: 7.83 Mb
ePub File Size: 5.20 Mb
ISBN: 119-4-43420-290-4
Downloads: 96708
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Vudoktilar

Lyotard then asks, ‘who will have access to them?

Just because there is a certain set of circumstances that we can denotate does not prescribe for us what to do in light of those conditions. The silence that surrounds the phrase, Auschwitz was the extermination camp is not a state of mind, is the sign that something remains to be phrased which is not.

University of Diffdrend Press, His solution on this account must be to bear witness and do nothing.

Expressing the Inexpressible: Lyotard and the Differend | Jacob Held –

One can choose how one links, so long as one links according to the rules of the game at hand. The libidinal philosophy engages with art on the level of its affective force: Reason and representation are further “critiqued” in the libidinal philosophy of Libidinal Economy and the related essays, although here the very idea of critique itself is called into question, since insofar as it remains theory, it remains within the oppositional logic of representational rationality. Harvey, Robert and Lawrence R.

Cer tainly this will exclude some, and it will engender differends. Representation is nihilistic because it can never close the divide between didferend and reality, effectively cutting off representational thought from access to reality.

Since Faurisson will accept no evidence for the existence of gas chambers except the testimony of actual victims, he will conclude from dfiferend possibilities i. The lyotadd is obvious.

Composed of clips from eighty hours of testimony gathered by Ophuls, the series destroyed the myth of the brave French Resistance and detailed how French collaborationists were responsible for sending Jewish children to concentration camps.


For Lyotard something must be postmodern before it can become modern. Postmodern Condition5 One need only see the decimation of the U. It is always possible to situate the phrase in a different way by concatenating with a different phrase regimen.

The feeling of the differend as the situation in which ” In the end, there is no other option than action if justice is the goal. Consensus excludes those not in the majority who have consented to a particular practice. Regarding the victim, Lyotard wants to find a palatable solution to their situation. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link.

He calls into question the powers of reason, asserts the importance of nonrational forces such as sensations and emotions, rejects humanism and the traditional philosophical notion of the human being as the central subject of knowledge, champions heterogeneity and difference, and suggests that the understanding of society in terms of “progress” has been made obsolete by the scientific, technological, political and cultural changes of the late twentieth century.

Theory attempts to be detached and “cold,” and takes itself to be a stable and consistent structure which represents stable structures in the world. Furthermore, he does not see the subject as a transcendent and immutable entity, but as produced by wider social and political forces. Lyotard rejects all dominant political ideologies as master-narratives which exclude minorities and do violence to the heterogenous nature of social reality. An answer requires reliance on the Enlightenment ideal of li beration through rationality.

In this way, the gaining of scientific knowledge is not an end in itself, in but is in service ultimately to economic motives that will make certain processes more efficient and others redundant. A rigid theory of how the body interacts with space, as Merleau-Ponty may arguably be accused of developing, also exhibits structuralist tendencies. This strategy works well within Lyotard’s philosophy but it is ultimately impotent in correcting a wrong that has been done. Geoff Bennington and Brian Massumi Manchester: He calls this threat “terrorism”: Le mur du pacifiqueParis: Returning to Freud, Lyotard develops a theory of libidinal forces as figural, as disruptive of reason and representation.


Lyotard uses the concepts of a phrase universe and of the difference between presentation and situation in order to show how phases can carry meanings and yet be indeterminate.

But new phrases regimens will need to be invented, new gestures or ways of existing together will have to be found, to get around this incommensurability. There differenr a differend in this case because Aboriginal land rights are established by tribal law, and evidence for such rights may not be presentable in the law of the Australian government.

Jean-François Lyotard (1924—1998)

Lyotard believes that knowledge is becoming so important an economic factor, in fact, that he suggests that one day wars will be waged over the control of information. In a litigation, the plaintiff’s wrong can be presented. Readings, Bill, Introducing Lyotard: His works can be roughly divided into three categories: Knowledge in the form of an informational commodity indispensable to productive power is already, and will continue to be, a major—perhaps the major—stake in the worldwide competition for power.

So what legitimates science now? One witnesses or recognizes that an injustice has differnd, however this ca nnot be expressed, there is no idiom to communicate the idea. Click here to sign up.

He positioned a chorus lyotarv multi-vocaled discourses against the voicelessness of the Jews during the Holocaust. Correspondance —Paris: Affects are structured and interpreted in systems made up of dispositifslibidinal dispositions or set-ups, and society is composed of multitudes of different dispositions that compete to exploit the energies of libidinal events.

What is represented is constantly deferred. Lyorard plurality of phrase regimens is a fact, and what is unjust or wrong would be precisely using one phrase regimen to silence that of others, to introduce a localized narrative as a metanarrative that would put all others in their place and render them mute and unseen. In the form of a question?